Testicular biopsy (TESA, TESE)
Testicular biopsy can be used to diagnose the condition and location of lumps in testes and explore the underlying cause of infertility in male due to sperm development. It also helps in obtaining sperm for the IVF. Removal of a piece of tissue from the testicles is termed as testicular biopsy; the tissue is further examined in a lab under the microscope.
Testicular biopsy can be performed in two ways:
Percutaneous biopsy: It is done with the help of biopsy needle inserted through the skin. Syringe placed at the end of the needle collects testicular tissue. It is also termed as a fine needle biopsy and can be done without incision or stitches.
Open biopsy: Also known as the surgical biopsy, it is done by making a small cut into the skin and a cut is made in the man’s testicles. Doctors take a sample of a small tissue from the opening and the cuts are finally closed with the help of stitches.
TESA treatment: How is it performed?
TESA or Testicular sperm aspiration is a procedure of surgical collection of sperm. It is a procedure performed for men who may be facing issues in fertility due to sperm production or development or for men who have sperm retrieved for IVF and ICSI treatments. All of these treatments are easily available at Adam and Eve test tube baby centre in Noida. It is done with local anesthesia in an operating room where the sperm is coordinated with the egg retrieved from the female partner. Tissue or sperm is aspirated with the help of needle inserted in testicle.
TESE treatment: How is it performed?
TESE treatment or testicular sperm extraction involves examination of tubules for checking the sperm presence with the help of a small incision made in the testis. In a nutshell, it is part of a fertility treatment that involves collection of sperm directly from the testes.
Testicular biopsy may not have a higher complication rate but bleeding and infection may occur. It examines the cause of infertility due to sperm count, development or quality.